In the early spring of 1983, during construction of a senior citizens housing project at the northwest corner of Market and King Streets in Gloucester City, New Jersey, evidence was uncovered of prehistoric and early historic period archaeological remains. The project site, which overlooks the Delaware River, was the center of the original 17th century settlement of Gloucester and during the following years because the site of a farm, a ferry landing, residence, business establishments and various local industries.
The discovery of the archeological remains was brought to the attention of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Department of the Interior. At the request of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of the Interior formulated a mitigation plan for the significant resources. The program was conducted with funds transferred from the Department of Housing and Urban Development through the Gloucester City Housing Authority to the Mid-Atlantic Region, National Park Service. Negotiations were conducted with MAAR Associates, Inc., of Newark, Delaware to conduct the data recovery program at the newly discovered site (28CA50) (Plates 1 and 2). The field work continued for a period of approximately 10 weeks. The excavations resulted in the discovery of aboriginal and historic cultural features and the recovery of more than 16,000 artifact representing occupations at the site spanning an 8,000 year period.